The battle of Dien Bien Phu was a monumental event in Vietnam which decided the fate of Vietnam for the next 50 years. When Japan surrendered in 1945, Vietnam was free for the first time. In. In 1954 the French suffered a humiliating defeat by the Vietminh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. There were also consequences that affected the people of Vietnam, such as; the Geneva conference, 1954 and the appointment of Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. This lead to the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as the Viet Minh were angered that their newly gained independence had been stripped away. The Viet Minh paid a high price for this victory though. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. It was decide that Vietnam would be split at the seventeenth parallel, with Ho Chi Minh controlling the communist North and Bao Dai in charge of the capitalist South. This Battle Analysis is written to illustrate the importance of logistics to complement tactical decisions with the war fighter on the battleground. Save time and let our verified experts help you. The French wanted to reclaim Vietnam as one of their colonies, while the Vietnamese wanted their independence. After almost eight hard, arduous years, in an effort to bring an increasingly destructive war to a decisive close both sides threw absolutely everything they had into what was to be one final, ultimately definitive battle: the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. General Giap’s forces had scored such a decisive victory that it brought the war to an end. When China became involved in the Korean War in 1950, materials ceased to flow into Vietnam, although the Viet Minh were persistant and despite their lack of resources, they continued to fight back. Only a handful of French- or English-language books offer a comprehensive general overview of the battle in Dien Bien Phu. Navarre also quickly found out that his subordinates’ warnings had been correct: at a disadvantage on the valley floor, the French artillery found it difficult to counterattack the Viet Minh positions. Things were once again how they had been before the Japanese occupation in WWII. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. At the end of WWII the Viet Minh rejoiced when Japan pulled out of the region – only to have the French return and assert control over the territory once again. General Giap was preparing for a more concentrated assault, while psychologically wearing down the French. The French believed this strategic setting would give them an advantage, but the Viet Minh were clever. Hire a subject expert to help you with Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. The French committed about 15,000 men there, of whom about 10,000 were left at the final surrender. The French were back in control of the entire country of Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh's forces were prepared to fight to regain the independence they had yearned for for centuries. After initially trying to hold off the seemingly unstoppable waves of Viet Minh infantry with machine guns, as more French troops fell and the Viet Minh advanced, the final stages of the fight became brutal hand-to-hand combat in the trenches and the ruins of the fortification. With the French back in control of Vietnam, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was crushed. They were landed at three drop zones: "Natasha" (northwest), "Octavie" (sout… By the end, conditions in the flooded trenches resembled Passchendaele. Many French officers were concerned about the potential vulnerability of their position. Due to the communist control in the North, Vietnam had gained the express attention of the United States. On April 26, 1954 the conference opened. Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the decisive engagement in the First Indochina War (1946–54). Neither the French nor the Viet Minh like the others' presence in Vietnam. Dien Bien Phu was situated in a valley in Northern Vietnam, surrounded by mountains. His immediate task was to crush his rivals; this included two religious sects; the Cao Dai and Hoa Hao, which he destroyed with military offensives and bribes. Only half of them survived the 500-mile journey. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. An uneasy peace would persist, but only for a short while…for just over a year later, the Vietnam War would begin. The position was deep inside enemy territory, close to the Laotian border. Dien Bien Phu: the battle that split Vietnam Save 50% on a BBC History Magazine or BBC History Revealed subscription France’s catastrophic defeat at Dien Bien Phu in northwest Vietnam in May 1954 ended its hopes of maintaining any influence in Indochina and set the stage for the monumental Vietnam War. IMPORTANT NOTICE: The information in this PDF file is subject to Business Monitor International’s full copyright and entitlements as defined and protected by international law. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the decisive engagement in the first Indochina War (1946–54). com.. Of all the major wars in which the United States was involved, none have been more controversial than the war in Vietnam. Causes and consequences of the battle of Dien Bien Phu Examine the causes and consequences and consequences of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954, which affected the lives of the Vietnamese until the 1960's. Close to 10,000 captured troops were to begin the grim death march to the Viet Minh prison camps 300 miles to the east. Bataille de Dien Bien Phu 13 au 15 mars 1954.jpg 2,022 × 3,789; 1.54 MB The Viet Minh victory in this battle effectively ended … Retrieved from, Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Peace was negotiated via the 1954 Geneva Accord, and France relinquished control of the territory. French couldn't locate Viet Minh's artilleries since all were well camouflaged in shell-proof bunkers and Viet Minh artilleries fired point-blank into the French positions. The Vietnam War, a diplomatic attempt by the. For a few weeks there were acts of revenge from the Vietnamese, and counter-revenge by the French, until war began on 19 December. Determined to achieve independence at all costs after decades of foreign subjugation, the Viet Minh started a guerrilla war against the French in December 1946. The idea was that a general election would be held in July 1956, at which point the people of Vietnam would vote to decide its fate. This conference was a consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as it signalled the end of French control in Indo-China. The fighting was absolutely ferocious. By throwing the bulk of his force so deep into enemy turf, Navarre hoped to strike a crushing blow against the Viet Minh, and ultimately annihilate the majority of their army. History and images of the well-known battle with the Viet Minh in then French Indochina. Haven’t found the relevant content? Vietnam was divided at the 17th Parallel into the communist-controlled North Vietnam and democratic South Vietnam. Media in category "Battle of Dien Bien Phu" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. Chinese materials supported their assault, while the US sent materials to the French. The first consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the Geneva conference. He based this decision on the outcome of an earlier battle, the Battle of Na San in 1952, in which a small but well-armed and fortified French force had defeated a much larger force of Viet Minh troops. He also set up masses of anti-aircraft guns on the hills, knowing that if he could prevent French helicopters and supply planes from getting close, he could effectively cut off French supplies. Lasting 55 days, the battle had French troops attempt to hold an armed camp against the Viet Minh, who greatly out-numbered them. They gathered support from the people of South-Vietnam by using brain-washing techniques; they also launched a guerrilla attack against the enemy. Master of Business Administration vinamilk. About 2,000 lay dead all over the battlefield in graves left unmarked to this day. A further 8,000 French troops were taken prisoner and were marched on a long and grueling trek through the jungle to various prison camps. The battle was fought between the French and the Vietminh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist). “Holy Grail” Was Discovered in 2015 with $17 Billion Cargo, Concentration Camp Guard Who Hid in US for 75 Years Will Be Deported, U-Boat Wreckage Found – Crew Claimed They Were Attacked by Sea Monster, Seven Fishermen Blown Out of Water by a UXB, Graf Spee Eagle Worth $26 MILLION, Could be Displayed at the 2022 FIFA World Cup, WWII deserters the US Army tried to hide: the 2013 book revealed how gangs of AWOL GIs terrorized Paris with a reign of mob-style violence, Vietnam Green Beret Had 37 Separate Bullet, Bayonet, & Shrapnel Wounds & Still He Carried On Fighting, Have You Heard of The Special Forces Ghost Car That Operated in Bosnia (with video), 5 of WWII’s Most Valuable Treasures Still Missing Today. Diem promoted members of his family into high government positions, which lead to more of a mess than an organised government. 8) 930 5206 www. By this point, war had been on for a duration of six years. The first cause of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the division of Vietnam in 1946. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (French: Bataille de Diên Biên Phu; Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ) was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries. Finally, the only French position that had not been overrun was a stronghold named Elaine. These are; the Geneva conference, 1954 and the appointing of Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. Dien Bien Phu, 1954, was the final battle of the first Indo-China war. But Diem became even less popular, and his number of enemies grew. The US was strongly opposed to the idea of a united, communist Vietnam, due to plans such as the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. It ended with victory to the Viet Minh, the surrender of French colonial forces and eventually, the withdrawal of the French from Vietnam. Archives: Dien Bien Phu Battle In Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam In May, 1954-The Him Lam command post at the hands of the Vietminh. Dien Bien Phu was the climax of a bitter and bloody conflict that had been raging for close to eight years in Vietnam, a country that had been passed from hand to foreign hand over the preceding decades. Seeing his chance to encircle and crush the French and achieve a decisive victory, General Giap moved as much artillery as he could muster into the surrounding hills. Knowing just how inhospitable and impassable a lot of the jungle terrain around the valley was, Navarre had perhaps imagined that the Viet Minh would be unable to get any major artillery pieces into position in the hills – but again, he had underestimated the almost fanatical determination of the freedom fighters. Dien Bien Phu is recognized as one of history's great battles. Ho Chi Minh and his fighting force; The Viet Minh, took control of the country. It consisted of a struggle between French and Viet Minh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist) forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos. The battle fought around Dien Bien Phu was the last major campaign by a European state in the region; by the end of the decade the United States was to become the prominent foreign power in Vietnam and the influence of France dwindled to barely nothing – such was the impact of their defeat at the hands of … With its huge budget, all-star cast, and realistic war scenes produced with the cooperation of both the French and Vietnamese armed forces, Dîen Bîen Phu is regarded by many as one of the more important war movies … Dien Bien Phu battle veterans arrive to attend the 60th anniversary celebrations of the Dien Bien Phu battle in the historic city May 7, 2014. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was fought from March 13 to May 7, 1954, and was the decisive engagement of the First Indochina War (1946-1954), the precursor to the Vietnam War. Head Office: 184 - 186 - 188 Nguyen Dinh Chieu St, Ward 06, Dist. One by one, French positions began to fall, and Giap established trenches in the valley, which Viet Minh troops occupied. Diên Biên Phu is a 1992 film written and directed by French veteran Pierre Schoendoerffer. The battle of Dien Bien Phu also had important consequences that affected the lives of the Vietnamese. This was due to the fact that Diem was a devout Catholic and ardent anti-Communist. They tunnelled their way into the the French camp and after seven weeks of brutal, intense fighting the French commander; Henri Navarre, ordered a ceasefire. Dien Bien Phu Battle Analysis. In Operation Castor, the French dropped or flew 9,000 troops into the area over three days. Un avion Douglas C-47 'Dakota' posé sur l'aérodrome de Diên Biên Phu au Viêt Nam dont la piste vient d'être réparée, le 20 novembre 1953. The great battle in the valley of Dien Bien Phu was over. 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. The losses were even heavier for the Viet Minh, even though they eventually achieved victory: around 200,000 were killed. From 1887 France had controlled Vietnam, then called French Indochina, but during World War II Japan, in its aggressive push to take control of Asia, took possession of Vietnam. A large number of them, in fact, had been supplied by the Soviet Union and communist China. Dien Bien Phu Battle In Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam In May, 1954-Ho Chi Minh at the command hq during the battle. Finally on 23 November, 1946, the French planes and ships bombed the Vietnamese section of the Haiphong Port. The battle of Dien Bien Phu (DBP) was a decisive engagement during the Indochina War (1946-54). Dien Bien Phu was the decisive battle of the First Indochina War. Operations at Dien Bien Phu began at 10:35 on the morning of 20 November 1953. The French decided to put the former emperor; Bao Dai, back on the throne, to placate to Vietnamese people. (2016, Dec 13). Even so, it became apparent that the Viet Minh vastly outnumbered them. The causes of which were the division of Vietnam in 1946, and the first Indo-China war, 1946-54. With Mao's influence, the Viet Minh's tactic changed from guerilla warfare to mobile warfare, meaning they now launched larger, deadlier offensive attacks., Mba, Human Resources, Finance, Accounting, Anti War Movement And Impacts On Vietnam War History Essay. This lead to two opposing groups of Vietnamese fighters. Dien Bien Phu was a simply dreadful battle, one of the worst for casualties in terms for the numbers of any battle since 1945. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF … Navarre nonetheless persisted with his plan, and French troops started parachuting into the valley to prepare fortified positions from the end of November 1953. Over the next eight years the French forces and their local allies would suffer around 75,000 casualties, with around 65,000 wounded and 40,000 taken prisoner. The first Indo-China war was a cause of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as it was set up by the French as a way to end the war, although this didn't exactly go to plan. Diem took office on 1 July 1954, he had heavy financial support from the US to help fix Vietnam, much of which has been destroyed in the war. The Vietminh were now able to move in close on the French troops defending Dien Bien Phu. This declaration was never signed, but was simply a verbal agreement, which was opposed by both the US and the State of Vietnam. Viet Minh forces overran the French garrison in Dien Bien Phu on May 7, 1954 after a 56-day siege, forcing the French government to abandon its colonial rule in Indochina. Vietm Minh try to take the fortified Dien Bien Phu position, French try to stop them. He had gained many enemies, and decided to isolate himself, relying on his family for information. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu A French newspaper from 1954, with the headline ‘Dien Bien Phu is a tomb’. However, their happy independence did not last long. This battle, of which the Viet-minh was victorious, marked the end of the Indochina War (1946-1954), but also that of … They had assumed that the Vietminh would be unable to carry heavy artillery into the thick jungle on the surrounding … It was fought between the French Union's French Far East … Historian Jean-Pierre Rioux said that Dien Bien Phu was ‘the only pitched battle to be lost by a European army in the history of decolonisation’ and it cost the French their Empire. The battle occurred between March and … Written by Plot Summary | Add … The Battle of Dien Bien Phu, which took place in northern Vietnam in 1954, marked a major turning point in both the First Indochina War between France and the Viet Minh independence movement and the general position of European colonial powers in South-East Asia. On 1 November Diem and his brother fled the presidential palace, but were captured and shot by their own generals. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The French realized that they were beaten, but were determined to make a heroic if futile last stand. For 55 days over 10,000 French soldiers tried to hold … General Navarre devised a plan to trap the Viet Minh into attacking the village of Dien Bien Phu. Over the next couple of weeks, Viet Minh bombardment was constant but comparatively light. Tensions were high and war was coming. In 1954, French forces in French Indochina sought to cut the Viet Minh's supply lines to Laos. 03, HCMC, Vietnam Tel: (84. This battle marked the end of both the First Indochina War and the end of European colonial rule in Southeast Asia, and set the stage for the Vietnam War, which would start just over a year later. His appointment was a consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as it is was a solution to the strong communist presence in the country that resulted from the success of the Viet Minh in the battle. After almost two months of intense fighting in the valley of Bien Dien Phu, the Viet Minh army – a force that consisted largely of poorly-trained but determined peasants – crushed the French army in what historian Jean-Pierre Roux described as “the only pitched battle to be lost by a European army in the history of decolonization.”. With the Chinese nationalists busy fighting a civil war at home in China, Ho Chi Minh's democratic republic was allowed to continue, however, in February 1946, the Chinese nationalists handed northern Vietnam back to the French. In February 1954, Britain, France, the USSR and the United States planned a conference to decide the fate of Korea and Indo-China. The causes of this event are; the division of Vietnam, 1946 and the first Indo-China war, 1946-54. Lasting 55 days, the battle had French troops attempt to hold an armed camp against the Viet Minh, who greatly out-numbered them. The French began to recruit Vietnamese soldiers, although they distrusted them greatly. Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu is seen as the decisive battle of the First Indochina War between French troops and the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam), a nationalist, pro-Soviet Union movement of Ho Chi Minh. During World War II, it was once again occupied, this time by the Japanese. Dien Bien Phu. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu, which took place in northern Vietnam in 1954, marked a major turning point in both the First Indochina War between France and the Viet Minh independence movement and the general position of European colonial powers in South-East Asia. Navarre was confident in the superiority of French firepower and training against the insurgents, but, as had often been the case in this war, he underestimated both the fierce determination of the Viet Minh and the tactical brilliance of their leader, General Vo Nguyen Giap. The people of Vietnam had 200 days to choose which side of the border to move to and the Viet Minh had 300 days to move back to the North. CONFERENCING MARKET REQUIRMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF The fierce battle between around 15,000 French troops and 40,000 Viet Minh guerrillas resulted in around 4,800 French troops wounded, along with 1,600 killed and an equal number missing. In October 1963, the American government cut off some of its aid to Diem’s government. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (French: Bataille de Diên Biên Phu pronounced [bataj də djɛn bjɛn fy]; Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ, IPA: [ɗîəˀn ɓīən fû]) was a climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War that took place between 13 March and 7 May 1954. This attack killed approximately 6,000 people. The garrison constituted roughly one-tenth of the total French Union manpower in Indochina, [94] and the defeat seriously weakened the position and prestige of the French; it produced psychological repercussions both in the armed … Their century of colonial rule in Indochina – now Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia – was over. As the Viet Cong's powers grew, so did the American support. Few would survive. It began in November 1953, when French paratroopers seized a small airstrip in Northwestern Vietnam. The second cause of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the first Indo-China war, 1946-54. Get premium, high … When the Viet Minh began artillery bombardment of the French positions in the valley in late January 1954, the French were taken by surprise at the number of artillery pieces the Viet Minh had managed to amass. Robbin S. Stephens This major confrontation occurred at Dien Bien Phu, a large heart-shaped valley located in northwestern … This was the end of Diem. The contents of the file. The Viet Minh's tactic was guerrilla warfare, while the French tried to proceed with a more traditional style of fighting. Scholars When the British arrived, their general, Gracey, began to organise the return of the French. By 1949, Mao Zedong won the civil war in China, meaning Ho Chi Minh now had an ally on the northern border. Ho Chi Minh: North Vietnam Leader Published Online: July 25, 2006 Although the most visible symbol of America's chief enemy in the Vietnam War, Ho Chi Minh was still a. Korea was the main focus of the conference until the day after the battle of Dien Bien Phu, at which point the focus changed to Vietnam. The Viet Minh, a communist and pro-nationalist resistance group led by Hồ Chí Minh, fought against the Japanese occupation. By the night of May 7 it was all over. Dien Bien Phu was situated in a valley in Northern Vietnam, surrounded by mountains. In response to the hatred of Diem, a South-Vietnamese communist movement was organised, they were named the Viet Cong. It ended in May 1954 with tens of thousands of Vietminh troops overrunning the beseiged garrison. It has been estimated that around 7,900 Viet Minh troops were killed and almost 15,000 wounded. A second consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the appointing of Nga Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam.